Your eyes produce fluids that are then drained. If the drainage process is compromised, your intraocular pressure (IOP) will rise as a consequence. This may compress your optic nerve, resulting in a condition known as glaucoma.
As the optic nerve carries image signals to your brain, any damage it sustains can lead to irreversible vision loss. To prevent this from happening, your eye doctor shares some do’s and don’ts for those who have glaucoma.
DO: Eat Eye-Friendly Foods
Prepare well-balanced meals that include dark, leafy greens. They are loaded with antioxidants and other nutrients that help maintain your eyesight. They can also improve blood flow to your eyes and keep your IOP at a healthy level.
DON’T: Have a Sedentary Lifestyle
Your eye doctor recommends maintaining an exercise routine to promote better blood circulation to your eyes and to the rest of your body. This can also help regulate the fluid volume and pressure inside your eyes, preventing glaucoma progression. In fact, studies show that individuals with glaucoma who engage in physical activities regularly are less likely to develop advanced glaucoma.
DO: Elevate Your Head
We recommend using a wedge pillow for sleeping. Elevating your head can lower the pressure inside your eyes. You should also avoid doing inverted yoga positions or tying your necktie too tightly, both of which can increase your IOP and worsen your glaucoma symptoms.
DO: Watch Your Caffeine Intake
Too much caffeine can raise your IOP. In fact, a study found that drinking a single cup of coffee can make your IOP increase drastically for up to 90 minutes. Regulate the amount of coffee, soda or tea you consume in a day. You should also sip your drink in small amounts to avoid straining your eyes.
Cigarettes contain a high amount of nicotine, which is a stimulant. It can raise not only your blood pressure, but also the pressure inside your eyes.
DO: Take Your Medications as Instructed and Visit Your Doctor Regularly
Most importantly, take your medicines as instructed by your doctor. Failure to take your medication can worsen your glaucoma symptoms. Make it a habit to visit your eye doctor regularly too, so we can monitor changes in your condition and provide appropriate management.
For more tips on preventing glaucoma from worsening, you can reach us at (480) 535-1287 for Glendale or (480) 535-1276 for Chandler. You may also complete our form to request an appointment. We serve different AZ areas, including Glendale, Phoenix and Chandler.